Keith Claudius Mitchell is back as Prime Minister of Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique.
Born November 12, 1946, Mitchell first served as Prime Minister of Grenada from 1995 to 2008 to become the longest serving Prime Minister ever on the island for just over 13 years.
As Political Leader of the New National Party (NNP), Mitchell was relegated to the role of Leader of the Opposition in Parliament in the 2008 general election which the National Democratic Congress (NDC) won 11-4.
He first came to national attention in 1972 when he joined the Grenada National Party (NNP) to contest without success the seat for St. George North-west against late Finance Minister, George Hosten of the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP).
Mitchell was unable to visit Grenada during the 1979-83 Grenada Revolution as he was considered as a counter-revolutionary by the People’s Revolutionary Government (PRG) of Maurice Bishop.
In the December 1984 general election, he was elected to a seat in the House of Representatives from St. George North West constituency with NNP and has held the seat in each subsequent election.
Mitchell was elected as leader of the NNP in January 1989, defeating Prime Minister Herbert Blaize who then dismissed Mitchell from his position as Minister of Works and Communications on July 21, 1989.
After the NNP was victorious in the general election held on June 20,1995, winning eight out of 15 seats in the House of Representatives, he took office as Prime Minister, along with his Cabinet, on June 22.
Under Mitchell’s leadership, the party won all 15 seats in the early election held in January 1999, and the NNP narrowly won a third term in power in the November 2003 election, reduced to a one seat parliamentary majority.
Mitchell and NNP were defeated in the general election held on July 8, 2008 by the NDC winning only four seats.
The re-elected Mitchell graduated from the University of the West Indies with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics and Chemistry in 1971.
He a gained a Master’s degree from Howard University in 1975 and a Doctorate in Mathematics and Statistics from American University in 1979.
Mitchell naturalised as a U.S. citizen in 1984 but he U.S. State Department made a determination in 2001 that he had relinquished his U.S. citizenship by becoming Prime Minister of Grenada in 1995.