Safeguarding World Peace, Security and Development

By H.E. Mme. Ou Boqian

By H.E. Mme. Ou Boqian

On September 3rd, a huge event was held in Beijing to commemorate the 70th Anniversary of the World Anti-Fascist War and the Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression.

It was widely attended by state leaders and high-level officials and government representatives from 49 countries, the leaders of 10 international organisations, as well as envoys and resident representatives to China were present to observe the V-day parade.
Among them are Russian President Vladimir Putin, President of Republic of Korea, Park Geun-hye and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

A total of 12,000 troops and 500 pieces of equipments marched through the Tianan Men Square with nearly 200 aircraft flew overhead in formation. 1000 troops from 17 foreign countries in Asia, Europe, Oceania, Africa and America joined Chinese troops in the parade.

The year of 2015 marks the 70th anniversaries of the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War (WWII) and the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression. It is also the 70th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations.

World War II was a tragic disaster which caused 70 million casualties in 61 countries in Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania. Two (2) billion people in the world suffered from the war. After 6 years of arduous struggle of the peace-loving people around the world, the Axis Powers were defeated and fascism was finally brought to an end.

The Chinese People’s War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression is an integral and important part of the World Anti-Fascist War. Japan invaded northeast China in 1931 and conducted a full-scale invasion since 1937.

By the end of WWII, more than 35 million Chinese were killed or wounded during the Japanese aggression. As the major battlefield in the Oriental Theatre of WWII, China sacrificed in the war and contributed tremendously to the victory of the World Anti-Fascist War.

In order to safeguard the victory of World War II, the United Nations was founded, which opened a new chapter in the world history. The UN and its Charter laid a solid foundation for the post-war international order.

In the past 70 years, as the most representative and authoritative intergovernmental organisations in the world, the UN, with its three pillars of peace and security, development, and human rights, has played an irreplaceable role and accomplished a great deal in promoting human progress.

Seventy years on, the UN Charter remains as relevant as ever. It is important that the international community renews the spirit of the Charter and, more importantly, enrich and reinvigorate it in light of the trend of our times and the needs of the world.

Today, the role of the UN must be strengthened rather than weakened; its authority must be upheld instead of undermined.

It is important for us to remember the lessons of history and uphold the outcome of the world anti-fascist war so as to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war”.

It is important to uphold the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, respect countries’ choice of development path and social system, and settle differences and disputes peacefully through dialogue and consultation.

It is important to advocate common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, respect and ensure the security of each country, build an international society cooperation architecture based on openness, transparency and equality, embark on a new path toward security by all, of all and for all and make joint efforts to safeguard regional and global peace and stability.

It is important to promote greater democracy and the rule of law in international relations. The Five Principles of peaceful coexistence, equality and justice must be upheld in international relations.

Countries, big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, are all equal members of the international community and entitled to equal-footed participation in international rule-making and law-based exercise of rights.

It is important to maintain and develop an open global economy, improve global economic governance, and ensure equal opportunities, fair rules and equal rights in international economic cooperation so as to achieve prosperity and development for all.

It is important to respect countries’ right to choose their own path of human rights development, approach human rights issues in a just and objective manner.

It is important to seek common ground while reserving differences, embrace openness and inclusiveness, draw on each other’s strengths through exchanges and mutual learning, work together for common progress despite differences and celebrate the cultural diversity of the world.

It is important to build a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation, bring about a more just and equitable international order and build a community of common destiny for the entire humanity.

It is important to pay greater attention to the voice of developing countries in international affairs, reflect their aspirations, protect their rights and interests, and increase their say in the UN and relevant international institutions.

In the dramatic evolving world, the developing countries including China and Latin America and the Caribbean play a more and more important role in international affairs and serve as driving forces of peace, security, development and cooperation of the world.

China attaches great importance to its relationship and cooperation with Latin America and the Caribbean including Grenada over the years.

On this special occasion, China is ready, as it has always been, to work together with Latin America and the Caribbean including Grenada to create a better future for the human beings.

In this regard, China together with Latin America and the Caribbean founded the China-CELAC forum; China initiated a framework of “1+3+6″ to promote cooperation between China and Latin America and the Caribbean.

“1” means “one plan”, referring to the China-Latin American and the Caribbean Countries’ Cooperation Plan (2015-2019) with the aim of achieving inclusive growth and sustainable development.

“3″ means “three engines”, referring to promoting the comprehensive development of China-Latin America and the Caribbean practical cooperation with trade, investment and finance as the impetus, striving to increase China-Latin America and the Caribbean annual trade to 500 billion U.S. dollars and Chinese investment stock in this area to 250 billion U.S. dollars within ten years and expanding local currency settlement and currency swap in bilateral trade.

“6″ means “six fields”, referring to energy and resources, infrastructure construction, agriculture, manufacturing, scientific and technological innovation, and information technology as cooperation priorities.

China would like to join hands with all the peace-loving countries to promote and safeguard world peace, security, development and cooperation, to create a better future for all.

(Madam Ou Boqian is the resident Ambassador of the People’s Republic of China to Grenada)

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